Data Shows that the Incidence of Diseases that Can be Prevented by Vaccines in China Has Fallen to the Lowest Level Ever (Source: Worker’s Daily)

May 08 2019

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Source: Worker’s Daily

The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention announced that the incidence of diseases that can be prevented by vaccines in China has fallen to the lowest level ever.

 (Reporter JI Wei) This year, April 25 is the 33rd Children's Vaccination Day in China under the theme of “vaccination is the most effective way to prevent infectious diseases”.

At 9 a.m. on April 24, many parents had queued up with their babies in the hall of vaccination at the Nanfaxin Public Health Center in Shunyi District, Beijing.

As the arrival of JU Ping, many parents felt like they went back to their childhood. JU Ping in the white coat stood in the vaccination registration office to guide people to register in turn. "How old is the child? What is the target vaccination to get today?” She carefully inquired for further information of the children, and listened carefully to the staff of the registration office to introduce to parents the precautions for vaccination.

In response to the "difference between self-paid vaccines and free vaccines", WANG Fengshuang, head of the Department of Planned Immunization of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Shunyi District, Beijing, said that the first type of vaccines required by the state are free at present, and the second type of vaccines are voluntarily chosen according to parents' economic conditions and many other factors. However, it does not mean that the second type of vaccine is not important. The classification of these two types of vaccines are only based on the administrative division of China's national conditions with equal importance. Some vaccines of the second kind still need to be paid attention to because of the efficiency against serious preventable diseases, such as pneumococcal vaccine, influenza vaccine, HPV vaccine and so on.

GAO Fu, Director of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, introduced that vaccines are the most economical and effective means to prevent and control infectious diseases. By adopting the means of vaccination, human beings have fought against smallpox successfully and would realize the eradication of poliomyelitis in the near future. So far, severe diseases that can be prevented by vaccines, such as measles and diphtheria, which were rampant in history, have been effectively controlled in China.

In the past 40 years, China has rapidly popularized and developed vaccination work and made great achievements. In the early 1960s, smallpox was eliminated by vaccination in China, more than 10 years before the World Health Organization announced the global eradication of smallpox in 1980. In 2000, China realized the eradication of poliomyelitis, and has maintained it ever since. In 2002, Hepatitis B Vaccine was included in the national immunization plan, and now the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen in children under 5 years old has dropped to 0.32%, which is 97% lower than that of 9.67% in 1992. The incidence of diseases that can be prevented by vaccines, such as measles and meningitis, in China has fallen to the lowest level ever.

HE Qinghua, Deputy Director of the CDC Bureau of the National Health Commission, said that in the new era, immunization planning is also facing new situations and tasks. In the near future, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress will conduct the second trial of the Draft Law on Vaccine Management, marking that vaccine and immunization planning work will usher in new development opportunities. The Health Commission will cooperate with relevant departments to improve the long-term mechanism of vaccine management and tackle both symptoms and root causes to solve long-standing prominent problems and further ensure vaccine safety and standardize vaccination management.

 

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